BBQ Marinated Beef Short Ribs (Galbi) is one of the standouts of the world famous Korean barbecue! The unique thing about Korean BBQ marinades – aside from their amazing flavour – is their exceptional tenderising ability which can be applied to traditionally tougher cuts such as short ribs, making them tender in a way you never thought possible.
Once grilled, the succulent meat is at once sweet, savoury, garlicky, and smoky in flavour. The Koreans know a thing or two about good BBQ!
Korean BBQ Marinated Beef Short Ribs
Korean barbecue is one of the first things that come to mind when people think of Korean food. And it’s world famous for good reason! I love that it’s as much of a social event as it is an eating one, enjoyed by groups huddled around a table embedded with a grill sizzling with marinated meats, seafood and vegetables.
Interactive food, I call it. And I’m 100% on board!
Of all the marinated barbecued meats, I am pretty sure that Korean Short Ribs is one of the most well known. Koreans prize this cut for its rich beefy flavour, while the addition of the marinade tenderises, flavours and encourages delicious caramelisation on the meat as it barbecues.
Korean Short Ribs are also notable for the unique way they are cut: The meat is “unrolled” to form a long, thin flap still attached to the bone. This not only ensures maximum marinade penetration but also that the meat cooks quickly, while making it easier to eat.
Like I said, Koreans have their barbecue game all figured out!
Korean Barbecue Marinade for Beef Short Ribs
The DIY cooking experience aside, one of the things that makes Korean BBQ so great are the Korean barbecue marinades. There’s a few things makes Korean barbecue marinades so distinctive:
Exceptional tenderising effect – Korean barbecue marinades incorporate fresh fruit such as nashi pears, regular pears, apples, kiwis and pineapples which have natural tenderising qualities. These fruits break down the fibres of otherwise tough meats, such as the short ribs we are using today, to render theme exceptionally tender – even if you happen to overcook them!
Distinctive sweet-savoury flavour – They have a familiar yet unique Asian flavours. They are often strong on garlic – much Korean food is! – leaning towards the sweet but still savoury. As some of the sweetness comes from fruit rather than sugar, it’s very different to the sugary-sweet taste of some Western sauces. They are also complex, including ingredients like grated onion which adds a a great boost of savoury flavour and body.
Ingredients in Korean BBQ Marinade for Beef Short Ribs
Here’s what you need for the Korean Barbecue Marinade:
Nashi pear or normal pear or apple – The unique ingredient in Korean Barbecue Marinades, nashi pear and other fruits have natural tenderising qualities that can soften the fibres of even the toughest cuts of meat. Beef short ribs are typically slow-cooked until fall apart tender (such as in this recipe and this recipe), yet here the meat is suitable for even barbecuing thanks to the marinade.
“Nashi” is the Japanese word for “pear”. (So really, “nashi pear” means “pear pear”! 😂) It’s also known by various other names including Korean pear, Asian pear, Chinese pear, apple pear and sand pear, to name a few.
It’s shaped like a round apple rather than the distinctive pear shape, but with a flesh texture and taste similar to a crisp pear. Except – dare I say it – juicier and tastier than most pears!
Nashi pear is typically available throughout autumn and winter, though often I see them well into spring.
Best substitutes: Normal pears or red apples. They have a very similar flavour and tenderising effect in end result;
Garlic – Korean food is known for being liberal with the garlic, and Korean marinades are no exception!
Ginger – The garlic plays a dominant role here, but ginger adds a lovely fragrant back note. I consider ginger to be complimentary and highly recommended but not essential;
Onion – An essential savoury base ingredient, especially with the unique way in which it is finely grated;
Mirin – Japanese sweet cooking wine which adds depth and complexity into the marinade and, well, anything it comes into contact with!;
Soy sauce – For flavour and salt;
Sesame oil – Like garlic, Koreans are very fond of sesame oil, and we do not complain!
Sugar – Adds more sweetness as well as terrific caramelisation on the beef; and
Black pepper – For a touch of warmth.
Beef Short Rib cut used for Korean BBQ
Beef ribs are a thick meaty cuts on the bone that are typically slow-cooked as hunks in Western cuisine, to break down the tough fibres until they become meltingly tender, such as these Beef Ribs in Red Wine Sauce.
In contrast, for Korean BBQ, beef short ribs are cut for cooking in various ways. They may be boneless, served as small, ready-to-grill, bite-sized pieces. Otherwise they may be cut with bone still attached. This can be one of two ways.
The first is known as “flanken cut” (also called LA galbi in the USA, and asado in other parts of the world including Australia), where the meat slices are cut across the ribs so you have several small pieces of rib per slice. The other is “English cut” ribs, where there is a single, longer rib bone section per slice. In Korean butchery these are cut smaller than you’ll typically find in the shops here in Australia. Also, and most characteristically, the meat is butterflied out into one long, thin piece of beef that unrolls, still attached to the bone.
The latter, butterflied beef short ribs, is what I’ve used today. This and the boneless cuts are rarely found at Western butchers, you need to get them from Korean or Asian butchers. But don’t worry, see below for an easily accessible substitution!!
The photos below show what butterflied beef short ribs looks like. The top photo is how it is sold at the Korean butchers, with the meat rolled up on the bone. The second photo shows what it looks like unrolled.
Best options / substitutions for Korean cut beef short ribs
The best options and substitutions for Korean cut beef short ribs are:
LA galbi / asado slices – As mentioned, these are also common in Korean BBQ, especially in the US. These are beef ribs, simply cut a different way (across the bone). Make sure the LA galbi / asado slices you buy are reasonably thin (no more than 1cm / 0.5″).
Boneless beef ribs, sliced – This is simply short ribs without the bone; or
Beef oyster blade which is essentially flatiron steak in the US. It has similar cooking and flavour characteristics to beef short ribs in that:See AlsoKalbi: Korean BBQ Beef Short Ribs | Camila MadeKalbi (Korean BBQ Short Ribs) - Hey Grill, HeyMake Korean Barbecue in Your Backyard With This Galbi RecipeKorean BBQ Ribs (Galbi) - Smoked BBQ Source
It can be slow or fast cooked;
It has a similar beefy flavour; and
When sliced thinly and marinated in a Korean BBQ marinade, it stays nice and juicy even when grilled long enough to caramelise (which necessarily pushes the thinly sliced beef far into well-done territory).
While oyster blade might not be a well-known cut of beef here in Australia, it is in fact even sold at large supermarkets (Coles, Woolworths, Harris Farms) and is one of the better value cuts of beef.
To use oyster blade, simply finely slice it and use per the recipe in place of the beef short ribs. If you get the oyster blade in steak form (which is how it’s typically sold at supermarkets), then slice it thinly on an angle to get pieces with a larger surface area (partially freezing it helps).
The last option (expert level!) is: butterfly your own Korean beef ribs! Sometimes you can find suitable sized short ribs on the bone, but not butterflied. If you are confident, you can butterfly your own. It is not difficult if you are competent with a knife and take your time. You need pieces with ribs about the size you see in my photos, ie. ~8cm / 3″ long. The cutting part however is out of scope of this post, so follow this handy tutorial from Modern Pepper (a Korean cooking website) to see how to do it.
How to make Korean BBQ Beef Short Ribs
One of the distinguishing techniques used in Korean marinades is that onion and fruit (nashi pear, in this case) are finely grated for maximum effect and flavour in the marinade.
Finely grate onion, nashi pear, ginger and garlic, then combine with remaining marinade ingredients;
Unroll the Korean cut butterflied beef short ribs;
Place beef in a ziplock bag or container then add the marinade;
Marinate beef for 24 hours. Don’t shortcut this – beef short ribs are a tough cut of beef so it needs the full marinating time to ensure it is properly tenderised;
Cook beef preferably on a BBQ but even a stove is fine. I like to use my BBQ so I can cook the beef strips whole – because it looks so good! But practicality rules when indoors, so just cut them up into pieces that will fit in your skillet or pan.
It takes around 2 – 3 minutes on a hot BBQ to caramelise each side, by which time the inside of the thin slices of beef are very, very well done – in fact, technically overcooked for meat this thin. But do not worry, this is intentional! Why? Because the marinade keeps it tender. In fact, I’ve cooked it for well over 10 minutes and it was still unbelievably tender.
Seriously. This Korean marinade is foolproof magic!
Remove from the BBQ or stove, then serve! Unlike other types of un-marinated Korean barbecue meats which have a dipping sauce, this beef is infused with and dripping with flavour so you absolutely will not need a sauce!
What to serve with Korean Marinated BBQ Beef Short Ribs
Korean food is equally well known for the selection of delicious, simple, and mostly vegetable side dishes known as banchan that are offered up alongside the main meal. The count can run from just a modest couple in the home to up to a dozen in some restaurants, where every available surface on the table is crammed with a dizzying array of sides served in individual dishes (spare a thought for the poor soul on dish washing duty!)
Kimchi (either store-bought or home-made) is a must, and potato salad nearly always makes an appearance. Some kind of simple lettuce salad – say, lettuce, some canned corn kernels, thinly sliced onion – is also typical (my Asian sesame dressing would be perfect here!) Plainly stir-fried vegetables also make great accompaniments to richly flavoured Korean mains. So any of the individual vegetable preparations in my bibimbap are also essentially mini-banchan recipes!
Meanwhile I can also offer up some other very typical Korean banchan recipes I’ve used from other websites:
Pictured in post are Kimchi Fried Rice and Ginger Smashed Cucumbers (both my recipes) which are a sensational pairing with this juicy Korean beef. I love the fiery red colour of the fried rice, which looks much more fierce than it actually is in taste!
And here are a few more options for you:
Happy Korean cooking! – Nagi x
Watch how to make it
Galbi – Korean BBQ Marinated Beef Short Ribs
Prep: 10 mins
Cook: 10 mins
Asian, BBQ, Korean
5 from 14 votes
Tap or hover to scale
Recipe video above. This is an excellent Korean barbecue marinade that will work with pork, chicken or even lamb. And while it's delicious cooked on the stove, a BBQ will better replicate the true Korean barbecue experience!
Do not worry about overcooking the thin slices of beef. The marinade is magical, it keeps the thin slices of beef incredibly tender even if you cook it for over 10 minutes which would ordinarily turn the beef into inedible dry cardboard!
- 1 kg/ 2lb beef short ribs, butterflied Korean style (pictured) or thinly sliced through the bone (Note 1 for subs)
- 1 tbsp vegetable oil , for cooking
Korean Barbecue Marinade:
- 1/3 cup soy sauce (all purpose or light soy, not dark or sweet)
- 1/4 cup brown sugar
- 2 tbsp mirin (Note 2)
- 1/4 cup onion , finely grated (including juice)
- 1/4 cup nashi pear , finely grated including juice (sub normal pear or any red apple, Note 3)
- 2 tsp garlic , finely grated
- 2 tsp ginger , finely grated
- 2 tbsp water
- 1 tbsp toasted sesame oil (Note 4)
- 1 tsp black pepper
- Green onion, sesame seeds, coriander/cilantro leaves , for garnish
- Kimchi Fried Rice
- Smashed Cucumbers
Make Marinade: Whisk Marinade ingredients in a bowl.
Marinade 24 hours: Place beef in a ziplock bag, glass or ceramic container. Pour over Marinade, mix well to coat. Cover and marinade for 24 hours.
Remove beef from Marinade, discard Marinade.
BBQ – Heat on high until smoking hot, then brush grills with vegetable oil. Lay beef on BBQ and cook for 2 minutes on one side until caramelised. Turn and cook the other side until caramelised. Remove, loosely cover with foil, cook remaining beef.
Stove – Cut beef strips into pieces that will fit your skillet. Heat skillet with oil over high heat. Add beef and cook for 2 minutes until caramelised, then turn and cook the other side for 2 minutes.
Garnish beef with sesame seeds and green onions if desired. You don't need a sauce for this one – it is literally dripping with flavour! Pictured in post with Kimchi Fried Rice and Ginger Smashed Cucumbers.
1. Beef short ribs cut – Korean barbecue calls for a specific way of cutting beef short ribs so they are thin and cook quickly on the grill. They are either sliced through the bone into approx 0.7cm / 1/4″ slices (called LA galbi in the US, or asado elsewhere), or “butterflied” (pictured in post) so the meat rolls off the bone with the bone still attached.
Slicing through the bone requires special butchery equipment, butterflying short ribs requires not only nifty knife skills but also beef ribs that are not as fatty as the usual Western ones that are intended to be slow braised until meltingly tender (such as in Red Wine Sauce or BBQ Sauce).
I opt to buy mine pre-cut from Korean butchers! I go to Hahn’s Quality Korean Meats in Eastwood (Sydney) which is a Korean neighbourhood. Korean cut beef ribs can also be found at many Asian butchers.
a) Boneless short ribs, sliced; or
b) Beef oyster blade which is equivalent to flatiron steak in the US. It has similar cooking characteristics (able to be slow cooked or fast cooked) and similar texture + beefy flavour. Best to buy it in a roast form then slice 0.5cm / 0.2″ thick, marinade and cook per recipe. Oyster steak is sold at large grocery stores in Australia (Woolies, Coles, Harris). For these, freeze for 1 hour (it makes it easier to slice) then slice across surface on the diagonal so you get larger surface area thin slices.
2. Mirin – Japanese sweet cooking sake, which adds complexity and depth of flavour to anything it comes in contact with! Best substitute: 1 tbsp Chinese cooking wine (Shaoxing wine), or cooking sake. Otherwise, leave it out.
3. Nashi Pear –Prized for the natural tenderising qualities for this tough cut of beef, and sweet flavour it brings! Substitute with normal pear or any type of red apple.
4. Sesame Oil –toasted sesame oil is brown and has more flavour than untoasted (which is yellow). Default sesame oil sold in Australia is toasted, untoasted is harder to find.
5. Storage – marinated beef can be put in the freezer immediately, then it will marinate as it thaws overnight in the fridge. Cooked beef will keep for 4 – 5 days, but it’s truly at its best freshly cooked!
6. Nutrition assumes all the marinade is consumed which of course it is not. Impossible to calculate the actual calories per serving because of this, but suffice to say it is less!
Calories: 431cal (22%)Carbohydrates: 20g (7%)Protein: 37g (74%)Fat: 22g (34%)Saturated Fat: 8g (50%)Cholesterol: 108mg (36%)Sodium: 1269mg (55%)Potassium: 742mg (21%)Fiber: 1g (4%)Sugar: 16g (18%)Vitamin A: 3IUVitamin C: 1mg (1%)Calcium: 37mg (4%)Iron: 5mg (28%)
Keywords: Galbi, Korean Barbecue beef, Korean beef marinade, KOrean beef short ribs, Korean marinade, Korean short ribs
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The Spicy Side of Life: Korean recipes
Life of Dozer
When I cheated on Dozer in Tasmania!!! 💔 This is Oscar the trail dog, owned by a friend, who is actually able to keep up on mountain bike riding trails. Dozer, on the other hand, is no long distance runner, so he stayed at home with the golden retriever boarder. This is in Derby, Tasmania – just got back last night!
And here is Dozer and I, reunited. He knows I’ll always be faithful to him…..!!
Unlike American and European-style short ribs, which include a thick slice of bone-in beef, Korean-style short ribs are cut lengthwise across the rib bones. The result is a thin strip of meat, about 8 to10 inches in length, lined on 1 side with 1/2-inch thick rib bones.What is the difference between La Galbi and short ribs? ›
Each piece that goes on the grill is one section of the rib, with one piece of bone in it. It's a lot thicker. LA galbi is only cut across the bone, not along, so each piece on the grill is a longer, thinner strip, and includes 3 pieces of bone.What is a substitute for Korean BBQ short ribs? ›
You can also substitute chicken breast or sliced rib-eye for the short ribs. If you use chicken or rib-eye, you must add thinly sliced green onion tops. This can also be broiled in the oven for the same amount of time.What's the difference between kalbi and Galbi? ›
If boneless, it is known as bulgogi. If it's on the bone, it's known as kalbi or galbi. The two transliterations - kalbi and galbi – can be used interchangeably. Here in the United States, you might see this type of meat listed on a menu as Korean BBQ short ribs.What does Korean short ribs taste like? ›
Distinctive sweet-savoury flavour – They have a familiar yet unique Asian flavours. They are often strong on garlic – much Korean food is! – leaning towards the sweet but still savoury. As some of the sweetness comes from fruit rather than sugar, it's very different to the sugary-sweet taste of some Western sauces.Why is galbi so expensive? ›
As galbijjim is usually made from only the center part of ribs from a calf while the rib ends used to make soup stock, galbi was more expensive than other cuts of beef in South Korea, and has been regarded as a high-class dish.What is the flavor of galbi? ›
Galbi is a classic Korean barbeque dish with sweet and slightly smoky marinade. It has a fire-grilled flavor, making the beef tastes more textural. You can also use the sauce to make Galbijjim (Braised Short Ribs) and enjoy with a bowl of rice.What does galbi mean in English? ›
"Galbi" is the Korean word for "rib", and the dish is usually made with beef short ribs. When pork spare ribs or another meat is used instead, the dish is named accordingly.What do you eat with galbi? ›
With side dishes: Serve kalbi with assorted banchan, like kimchi, pickles, or soy-braised potatoes.What cut of meat is galbi? ›
"Galbi" translates to English as "ribs," and at Korean-style barbecue restaurants in the United States, the term has become overwhelmingly synonymous with beef short ribs cut through—rather than parallel to—the rib bones into long, thin pieces.
Because short ribs require long, slow cooking for tenderness and flavor, braising is the perfect technique for cooking them. Most recipes are quite easy—once you've put everything on to simmer, the slow, moist heat does the work.What is the difference between bulgogi and galbi? ›
The type of meat is the primary difference between kalbi and bulgogi in Korean cooking. You make kalbi with short ribs and bulgogi with ribeye, sirloin, tenderloin, and brisket. Both are thinly cut, their marinades are practically identical, and the total time needed to cook either is similar.Why do you soak short ribs? ›
Soak them (yes, soak them—it drains the ribs of excess blood) in a very large bowl of cold water for two hours, changing the water after the first hour.How do you make Korean short ribs not chewy? ›
If they're tough, you're probably overcooking them. Lin's answer refers to uncut ribs that must be cooked low and slow, but when they're as thin as Korean ribs, it's hot and quick. If you use the cross rib cuts and let it soak in the marinade, it will become tender.What are the two types of short ribs? ›
Butchers cut beef short ribs in two dominant fillets: flanken and English. We also know flanken short ribs as crosscut ribs, kosher ribs, and Korean-style ribs.Are all short ribs the same? ›
There are different ways in which short ribs are cut. The type of cut will affect the shape of the rib as well as the cooking time.What are Korean short ribs called? ›
Galbi (갈비) or kalbi, galbi-gui (갈비구이), or grilled ribs, is a type of gui (grilled dish) in Korean cuisine. "Galbi" is the Korean word for "rib", and the dish is usually made with beef short ribs.Are Korean short ribs chewy? ›
What causes short ribs to be tough? Thin-cut Korean short ribs are almost always tender as long as you don't overcook them. Thicker short ribs that are intended to be braised need to be simmered for a very long time to break down the collagen for tender results.